A special relationship

The Kingdom of Morocco and the United States of America are bound by a special and old alliance dating back to 1777 when Morocco became the first country to formally recognize the newly independent United States. In 1786, Morocco and the United States of America signed a Treaty of friendship that is still in force making it the longest-standing unbroken treaty in US history. This treaty formalized US-Moroccan relations and was signed by the Sultan of Morocco, Mohammed III, and John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, both future U.S. Presidents were the signatories for the United States.

An old alliance united in the defense of common ideals

Morocco and the United States of America share a close and steadfast transatlantic relationship and have relentlessly allied their efforts to defend their shared values of freedom, democracy, tolerance and peace during both World Wars, the Cold War and in various coalitions such as the first Gulf war as well as in the fight against terrorism and violent extremism. With shared interests and common values, Morocco and the United States of America are also working together to promote regional security, create economic opportunities prosperity and address pressing global challenges in the Middle East and Africa.

A strategic partnership

Over the past seven decades, U.S.-Moroccan relations have been considerably strengthened marked by a large number of visits between high officials of the two countries (See Timeline of US-Morocco relations).

Under the leadership of King Mohammed VI and the last four US Administrations, the US-Morocco relationship has advanced on political, economic, social, and security fronts, highlighted namely by a joint commitment to combating terrorism, the designation of Morocco as a non-NATO Ally, the signing of the 2004 Free Trade Agreement and the establishment of two Compacts with the Millennium Challenge Corporation.

In recognition of this strong alliance, Morocco and the United States of America launched on September 13, 2012 a Strategic Dialogue—one of about two-dozen such agreements in existence.

2003 – Morocco established a partnership with the Utah National Guard as part of the US National Guard State Partnership Program (SPP). Partnership activities have included training opportunities in Utah and in Morocco, information exchanges, and disaster relief.

2004 – Morocco was granted “non-NATO ally” status, making it eligible for priority delivery of defense materiel, participation in defense research and development programs, and US government loan guarantee programs for the purchase of military materiel.

2004 – US Trade Representative Robert B. Zoellick and Minister-Delegate of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Taib Fassi-Fihri signed the groundbreaking US-Morocco Free Trade Agreement, signaling the beginning of a new period of cooperation and economic growth between the United States and Morocco.

2005 – Morocco joined the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership – a US government-funded and implemented multi-faceted, multi-year effort designed to counter violent extremism in the Sahara-Sahel region. Morocco is part of US efforts to strengthen partner countries’ capabilities to prevent terrorism by enhancing border and aviation security, promoting democratic governance, and building public support against extremism.

2007 The Millennium Challenge Corporation signed a five-year, $697.5 million compact with the Kingdom of Morocco to reduce poverty and stimulate economic growth through investments in five sectors. These strategic investments aimed to increase productivity and improve employment in high- potential sectors such as fruit tree productivity, small-scale fisheries, and artisan crafts. Small business creation and economic growth were also supported by investments in financial services and enterprise support. The compact was successfully completed in 2013, benefiting 1.7 million people.

2011 – Morocco and the US joined 28 other countries as founding members of the Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF) – an initiative to “reduce the vulnerability of people everywhere to terrorism by effectively preventing, combating, and prosecuting terrorist attacks and countering incitement and recruitment to terrorism.” Through the Forum, countries share expertise, strategies, and capacity building programs.

2012 – In recognition of this strong alliance, on September 13, 2012, Morocco and the United States launched a Strategic Dialogue—one of about two dozen such agreements in existence. Under the leadership of King Mohammed VI and the last three US Administrations, the Morocco-US relationship has advanced on economic, political, social, and security fronts. This Strategic Dialogue is yet another milestone in the Morocco-US relationship that has lasted more than two centuries.

2013 – In November 2013, King Mohammed VI made a historic visit to Washington to meet President Barack Obama for the first time, highlight the long-standing friendship between the United States and Morocco, and strengthen the strategic partnership between the two countries. During the meeting, King Mohammed VI and President Obama discussed a range of issues of mutual interest. The visit offered an opportunity for the US and Morocco to increase cooperation on “addressing regional challenges, including countering violent extremism, supporting democratic transitions, and promoting economic development in the Middle East and Africa.”